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On this page you will find data useful to the study of international environmental policy and trade. Please click your topic of interest to find out more.

Environmental Treaties

Betzold, C., Bernauer, T., Koubi, V. (2015) Press Briefings in International Climate Change Negotiations. Environmental Communication, forthcoming.

Böhmelt, T., Bernauer, T., Koubi, V. (2014) The Marginal Impact of ENGOs in Different Types of Democratic Systems. European Political Science Review, DOI: 10.1017/S175577391400006X

Vollenweider, J. (2013) The effectiveness of international environmental agreements. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law, and Economics DOI: 10.1007/s10784-012-9193-y

Bernauer, T., Kalbhenn, A., Koubi. V., Spilker, G. (2013) Is There a ‘Depth versus Participation’ Dilemma in International Cooperation? Review of International Organizations 8/1: DOI 10.1007/s11558-013-9165-1.

Böhmelt, T., Vollenweider, J. (2013) Information Flows through Linkages: The Effectiveness of the CLRTAP Network. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 15(2): 105-123,

Spilker, G. 2012. Helpful Organizations: Membership in Inter-Governmental Organizations and Environmental Quality in Developing Countries. British Journal of Political Science 42: 345-370.

Böhmelt, T., Pilster, U. 2011. Zur Problematik kollektiven Handelns – Eine quantitative Studie internationaler Umweltregime. [On Problems of Collective Action – A Quantitative Study of International Environmental Regimes]. Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen 18 (2): 63-90.

Tobias Boehmelt and Ulrich H. Pilster. 2010. International Environmental Regimes - Legalization, Flexibility, and Effectiveness. Australian Journal of Political Science 45/2:245-260.

Thomas Bernauer, Anna Kalbhenn, Vally Koubi, and Gabi Spilker. 2010. A Comparison of International and Domestic Sources of Global Governance Dynamics. British Journal of Political Science doi:10.1017/S0007123410000098.

Trade & Political Economy

Sattler, T., Spilker, G., Bernauer, T.(2013) Is WTO Dispute Settlement Primarily an Enforcement or a Rule-Clarification Device? British Journal of Political Science DOI: 10.1017/S0007123413000136.

Michael M. Bechtel, Thomas Bernauer & Reto Meyer (2011): The green side of protectionism: Environmental concerns and three facets of trade policy preferences, Review of International Political Economy, DOI:10.1080/09692290.2011.611054

Thomas Sattler and Thomas Bernauer. 2010. Gravitation or Discrimination? Determinants of Litigation in the World Trade Organization. European Journal of Political Research 50/2, 2011: 143–167.

Michael M. Bechtel. 2009. The Political Sources of Systematic Investment Risk: Lessons from a Consensus Democracy. Journal of Politics 71/2:661–677.

Bernauer, T., Nguyen, Q. (2015) Free Trade and/or Environmental Protection? Global Environmental Politics, No. 4 , pp. 105-129. doi: 10.1162/GLEP_a_00327.

Civil Society

Bernauer, T; Böhmelt, T. (2013) Are Economically “Kinder, Gentler Societies” Also Greener? Environmental Science & Technology DOI: 10.1021/es403362m.

Böhmelt, T. (2013) A closer look at the information provision rationale: Civil society participation in states’ delegations at the UNFCCC. Review of International Organizations 8 (1): 55-80.

Böhmelt, T., Koubi, V., Bernauer, T. (2013) Social Networks, Legitimacy, and the Selection of Civil Society Partners in Global Climate Negotiations. European Journal of Political Research, DOI: 10.1111/1475-6765.12016.

Bernauer, T., Böhmelt, T., Koubi, V. (2013): The Democracy – Civil Society Paradox in Global Environmental Governance. Global Environmental Politics, 13/1:88-107.

Bernauer, T., Gampfer, R. (2013) Effects of Civil Society Involvement on Popular Legitimacy of Global Environmental Governance. Global Environmental Change, 23/2: 439–449.

Spilker, G., Schaffer, L., Bernauer, T. (2012) Does Social Capital Increase Public Support for Economic Globalization? European Journal of Political Research, DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.2012.02058.x

Climate & Energy

Schaffer, L., Bernauer, T. (2014) Explaining the Adoption of Renewable Energy Policies. Energy Policy 68: 15 – 27. DOI/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.12.064

Bernauer, T., Böhmelt, T. (2013) National climate policies in international comparison: The Climate Change Cooperation Index, Environmental Science and Policy 25:196-206. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.11.018

Michèle Bättig and Thomas Bernauer. (2009) National Institutions and Global Public Goods: Are Democracies More Cooperative in Climate Change Policy? International Organization 63/2, 2009:281-308.

Kachi, A., Bernauer, T., Gampfer, R. (2015) Climate Policy in Hard Times: Are the Pessimists Right? Ecological Economics 114: 227–241,

Gampfer, R., Bernauer, T., Kachi, A. (2014) Obtaining public support for North-South climate funding: Evidence from conjoint experiments in donor countries Global Environmental Change, 29:118-126, DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.08.006.

Gampfer, Robert (2014) Do individuals care about fairness in burden sharing for climate change mitigation? Evidence from a lab experiment. Climatic Change, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-014-1091-6.

Security & Conflict

Pilster, U., Tobias Böhmelt. (2012) Do Democracies Engage Less in Coup-Proofing? On the Relationship between Regime Type and Civil-Military Relations. Foreign Policy Analysis 8:10.1111/fpa.2012.8.issue-4355-372.


Pilster, U., Tobias Böhmelt. (2011) Coup-Proofing and Military Effectiveness in Interstate Wars, 1967–99. Conflict Management and Peace Science 28/4:331-350.

Böhmelt T. 2011. Disaggregating Mediations: The Impact of Multiparty Mediation. British Journal of Political Science 41 (4).

Michael M. Bechtel and Gerald Schneider. 2010. Eliciting Substance from ‘Hot Air’: Financial Market Responses to EU Summit Decisions on European Defense. International Organization 64/2:199-223.

Tobias Boehmelt. 2010. The Effectiveness of Tracks of Diplomacy Strategies in Third-Party Interventions. Journal of Peace Research 47/2:167-178.

Thomas Bernauer, Vally Koubi and Fabio Ernst. 2009. Does Neutrality Make a Difference? Explaining Patterns of Swiss Defense Spending in 1975-2001. Defence and Peace Economics 20/5:413-422.


Beck, L., Bernauer, T., Siegfrid, T., Böhmelt, T. (2014) Implications of hydro-political dependency for international water cooperation and conflict: Insights from new data. Political Geography, DOI: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2014.05.004.

Böhmelt, T., Bernauer, T., Buhaug, H., Gleditsch, N.P., Tribaldos, T. (2014) Demand, Supply, and Restraint: Determinants of Domestic Water Conflict and Cooperation. Global Environmental Change, DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.11.018.

Bernauer, T., Böhmelt, T. (2014) Basins at risk – Predicting international river basin conflict and cooperation. Global Environmental Politics, 14:4.

Supporting material and data: International River Basin Conflict and Cooperation

Bernauer, T., Böhmelt, T., Buhaug, H., Gleditsch, N. P., Tribaldos, T., Berg, E., Wischnath, G. (2012): Water-Related Intrastate Conflict and Cooperation (WARICC): A New Event Dataset. International Interactions, DOI: 10.1080/03050629.2012.697428.

Lucas Beck, Thomas Bernauer, Anna Kalbhenn. 2010. Environmental, Political, and Economic Determinants of Water Quality Monitoring in Europe. Water Resources Research 46, W11543, DOI:10.1029/2009WR009065  

  • Article
  • supplementary material available via WRR website
  • Water Quality Monitoring in Europe (video below)

Thomas Bernauer and Patrick Kuhn. Is There an Environmental Version of the Kantian Peace? Insights From Water Pollution in Europe. European Journal of International Relations 16/1:77-102.

Air Pollution

Thomas Bernauer and Vally Koubi. 2009. Effects of Political Institutions on Air Quality. Ecological Economics 68/5:1355-1365.

Sophie Perrin and Thomas Bernauer. International Regime Formation Revisited: Explaining Ratification Behavior With Respect to Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution Agreements. European Union Politics 11(3): 405–426.

Bernauer, T., Koubi, V. (2012): Are Bigger Governments Better Providers of Public Goods? Evidence from Air Pollution. Public Choice, DOI 10.1007/s11127-012-9916-1

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